Discovering The Truth About Sales

The Benefits of a Balance Bike

The first time that kids rode a balance bike is something that cannot be forgotten for the rest of their lives especially the joy of overcoming how to balance.

Run bike is the term sometimes the balance bike is referred to. This is the kind of bike for starters to help them in their balance and steering. Balance bikes do not have pedals and sprockets for chains.

It is very similar to an ordinary bicycle except it does not have the pedals and chains. This bike is really made for the purpose of use for little children. If there is a discrepancy with the size of the bike, the kids will have difficulty in the learning process or perhaps you might have to postpone the bike riding education until they grow into the bike.

In some of these models, brakes are optional, either you can fasten a two hand activated ones or no brakes at all. Very popular among children is the balance bike.

Choosing the right balance bike is somewhat similar to choosing the right helmet for your kids. There are a number of benefits of using the balance bike for the simple reason that it has many purposes.

The child will encounter some difficulties in the first tries, but as for those who know how to ride a bike, this is just for starters. Later, pedaling will be introduced and the kids will probably find this process frustrating.

And this is the real purpose of these balance bikes and here are some of the few reasons why kids are benefited from these.

The kids feel more secure as they control their own actions.

The kid’s ability to cope with the balancing is enhanced and improved at their own pace.

It teaches the kids the basics of balancing, coordination and steering skills.

Balance bikes are aimed at kids from 2 and above, so they can start at an early age. Just make sure that the seat is low enough so that the kids are able to touch the ground with their feet.

The kids will be able to develop confidence because their feet are touching the ground.

Driving without the use stabilizers can make the children more independent.

To stop the balance bike is very easy for the kids and this ensures safety.

A lot of parents observe that changing from a balance bike to a regular one is quite easy for the kids.

The child who has learned and developed balancing, coordination and steering will find it fun and enjoyable and having transitioned to a regular bike is just a natural step for them.

So, parents really have to take into consideration the procurement of these balance bikes for kids.

Source: Best balance bike

Resources – My Most Valuable Advice

Mayor John Lee- Understanding Las Vegas

From the time he moved into Las Vegas at age six, it’s been a poor image fight for the upper end. In his younger years, this area of town was known as a poor people’s city. As he advanced into high school the thoughts altered to being seen as an area full of vandalism and gangs. Unfortunately, these unfavorable perceptions continue years on since the city is still recognized as a financial misfortune. From a position of being a former senator, Lee’s current position as mayor meant inheriting a city with numerous problems. It had been in a time when property market crash and recession were the in issue. Associations with unions were stained and at the verge of breaking.

Despite these problems, it was Lee’s notion he can flip things around and bring life for the metropolis of Las Vegas. This is a city he was enthusiastic about being the area he expanded and achieved his partner in high school and of course that his first career was in the same location. This idea of transforming things about originated from the truth that Lee had enough knowledge from his past position like a senator together with becoming an operator of two successful companies. This passionate belief could not be disputed, as passion was all he needed to excel. A few questions for the mayor revealed a lot more appreciation for what he had in mind about turning issues around for your good.

When asked about the strategy for his first year in office, the mayor revealed that he was more considering making a fresh good image for your area while achieving immediate desires that people had. This would imply coping with labor issues and opening up spots that have been previously closed for one explanation or another. The aim would be to work a few more extra hours until the vision of positivity is achieved. His ideal relied on the aspect of eliminating clutter and disturbances as these would hinder his goal of taking the city forward thus, they had to go.

The mayor agreed that a few things ought to change if the economy was to shift in the right direction. He believed that there was dependence on particular earnings to go up. The truth that regulations permitted his team to utilize other department’s resources made it possible to use general funds for developments. There is a significant information in the guides as well as the fact was that over 50 percent of the city wasn’t designed thus leaving a great deal of natural terrain to become utilized for advancement. Obviously there was a lot that the mayor had prepared.

Source: John Jay Lee North Las Vegas

Short Course on Keepsakes – Getting to Square 1

Maternity Gifts and Souvenirs Since it marks the beginning of motherhood, pregnancy is a very important phase that all mothers go through. Women who are pregnant are usually given maternity gifts and souvenirs by those they hold dear to them making them feel very special and loved. It is important for one to find the best gift to give a pregnant woman that will make them feel appreciated. In order to show new moms love and affection, one can give them gifts such as pillows, clothes, accessories, teddy bears and many more. During their maternity leave, one can give new moms maternity books which they will enjoy reading. This will help keep them engaged and from getting bored while lying down and doing nothing. One can also choose to give baby supplies for the woman as a gift. Some of these suppliers are inclusive of diapers, baby clothes, toys, pacifiers and many more. Baby supplies are very great for the baby when they are born. New moms are required always maintain the right posture during their pregnancy. Giving the mom pregnancy pillows as a maternity souvenir is a brilliant idea as it will help them get good rest at night. These pillows will also help to provide support to them and comfort as well when they are lying down. One can select from nursing pillows, body pillows as well as wedges to give to the new moms. Going maternity shopping at times might be a bit difficult as one is oblivious to what the mom loves. A gift that is comfortable for the new mom and one which will last long s a souvenir is what most people want to buy. Scarves, bags, maternity slippers, purses and many more are examples of maternity accessories that one can get these moms. It is important for one to pick the right when it comes to buying clothes and slippers. The new moms are bound to be happy and overjoyed once you give them gifts.
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When choosing a good gift, one can get the mom a pendant or neck piece with their name or that of the baby’s. Personalized gifts tend to make the mum feel more special and enthusiastic about bringing the child into the world. Most pregnant moms usually have stretch marks and one can give them body creams and oils which help to get rid of them. One can also offer them soft blankets to help them sleep very comfortably during the night.
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Going through a pregnancy is not a piece of cake as one often feels very exhausted and irritable most times. By giving them souvenirs or gifts, one can help them feel loved and enjoy their pregnancy.

What No One Knows About Floors

How You Can Successfully Purchase The Right Blinds It would certainly be best so you will get the right blind that you can put in the window that you have in order so you will have a good aesthetic sense of such. You need to ensure so you will will really get to find the right style that you would like to get for the certain window type that you would like to have in order so you will see what its advantages as well as disadvantages are. It is an essential thing that you get the right kind of blind in such a manner so you will really be happy with what you are looking for. The fact is that you need to settle first certain issues so you will come across with, in such a manner that you get to understand whether you would like to get a blind or that of a curtain, or the fact about getting the kind of protection that you expect from a blind, or whether you would like to see how easily operable the blind would be like. Once you are able to consider all these facts, then it is the best time so you will choose about the style of the blind that you would like to get. It would be great so you will look at the kind of material whenever you are getting for the blind as it is certain that such a material is one that will essentially affect the kind of look as well as feel of the room whenever you are getting. It is important so you will see that you get blinds so will be perfect for large windows as it can certainly be divided all too easily having narrow blinds for large windows will allow you for ease of use and that of better control. Keep in mind so you will also have to look at the maintenance aspect of the blind whenever you are purchasing in a manner that it is one that will affect how regularly you would like it to be cleaned. It is imperative so you will have the kind of blind that is carefully installed by the expert as it is an essential thing that will make you be happy with what you have with you. Accurate measurement will mean so you will get the right price or the right measurement so you will see at the end of the day, and so you will certainly be enable to plan for the budget that you would like to have. These are all important factors so you will have to remember when you are getting the right kind of blind so you will have to purchase.Getting To The Point – Carpets

How I Achieved Maximum Success with Floors

Learning The “Secrets” of Cleaning

Pointers for Air Duct Cleaning How come we need air duct cleaning? The modern homes of today are not incredibly energy inefficient compared with homes created only two decades before. They take less power to heat in the winter and to cool during summer. This amount of thriftiness is achieved in part by producing them air-tight. But, this airtight and energy-efficient structure may bring with it an issue – dirty home air. Small leakage in or out is fantastic for energy-efficiency, but this also means that precisely the same air must be continually recirculated throughout the home, with minimum or no substitute outdoor solutions. Hot or cold air in your house is continuously circulated through the ducting. Allergens including mold particles, smoke, dust particles, pet hair and dander and pollen, dandruff particles and oil from cooking also are transported throughout the house – through your ducting. With time, your air ducts will frequently deliver these toxins to every room in your home, and may collect layers of the dust. That is why you need to have cooling, and heating devices cleaned on a regular basis.
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Here are some specifics that you ought to know about air duct cleaning in Austin.
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Airborne contaminants like pollen, mold spores microorganisms and pet dander can be removed by professional duct cleaning on a regular basis. Many of these contaminants cause allergies and challenges. Does anybody in your home have allergies or asthma symptoms? Their symptoms might be compounded by filthy air in your home. Regular air duct cleaning not only cleans the ducting insides, but it could also eliminate moisture too. Moisture inside your air-handling devices can make them an excellent breeding ground for fungi, mold, and microorganisms that have been demonstrated to cause illnesses within the respiratory system. Typical professional air duct cleaning keeps your property clean. When you’re not constantly inhaling these recirculated pollutants, it helps to keep your health. If you have allergies, maintaining the air of your residence clean can decrease the intensity of allergy symptoms which you or your family experience. Health could be the primary advantage of maintaining your air ducts clear. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the standard interior air inside the household often contains more than 70 times more contaminants than outdoor atmosphere. Thinking about the enormous level of pollution and dirt that makes its way into your house, and continues there on account of efficient super- development techniques, maintaining air conditioning systems and your heat clean is vital. There are numerous firms with very minimal premiums and substandard equipment that can leave you with dirty ducts after having a “hit and move” shallow cleaning. Generally get at least two rates from two distinct organizations and ask if they utilize the latest technologies and equipment.

Learning The “Secrets” of Options

The Several Forms of Parking Permit Stickers and Parking Decals Parking permit stickers are permit tags granted for motor vehicles to allow them to become parked in a specific area or parking lot. Parking permit stickers are really vital that you monitor and keep an eye on automobiles in parking lots. Parking permits help certified admittance of vehicles in auto parking zones and targeted to strengthening car protection. These permits certainly are a must according to auto parking protocols of metropolitan areas, states, and organizations. There are numerous varieties of parking permits, such as for example short-term parking permits, domestic parking permit, guests permits, overnight parking permits, booked parking permits, carpool parking permits and many others. Parking permits are issued by a car parking regulatory power of a certain area or specific establishments. The Legislation enforcement concerning these permits might depend on where they are utilized.
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Hanging mirror parking permits are one of the better and most traditionally used parking permits because they are easy to use. The hanging mirror permits can get noticed and are conveniently obvious from a distance. They are manufactured from top quality polyethylene with solid durable parts. Hanging mirror parking permits with a certain serial number aid with keeping the record of cars in the area. You can acquire blank or re-print tags according to your requirements. The windshield labels may be caught on the wind shield as they definitely have a powerful adhesive that handle them firmly even in worst case scenarios. You should use a keep cling label or a long lasting one based on your demands. The windshield labels can be found in different styles like a square, rectangular shape, diamond shape, circular, and other shapes. Since these are generally clear labels they don’t prohibit the view. A bumper sticker is usually a packaging with a note which can be stuck on a car bumper to be visible to other individuals. They are produced out of plastic material or polyethylene those stickers are utilized for politics, spiritual labels, hilarious ideas, or to get a team or firm. When utilizing them for parking these types of stickers have the company logo or name of the corporation and the serial count on them. The mirror decals are produced from reflective materials which shimmer the moment light falls on them. They include an adhesive that can be utilized to stick within the mirror or outdoor area of the car. The adhesive may be conveniently employed also on the irregular surface. Disabled permit tags can be bought in the sort of hanging disabled permit tags or product labels. They have an image of a wheelchair and so are supplied to people who have a walking impairment. Parking violation stickers are employed by the auto parking controllers and regulating authorities. They are suited for cars that are parked illegitimately.

The Key Elements of Great Resources

A Quick Guide to Digital Downloads

The different modern website builders are able to make things quick as well as easy for the amateur computer user to create an online store. With your own website, you can sell just anything online. You may sell tangible goods. The items can be shipped to the buyers like the crafts, collectibles, stamps as well as coins. Or you may go for selling the intangible products, which are the electronic files that are available for downloading like the videos, e-books, digital photos as well as music files. What most online stores are selling are the shippable products. If you are interested about standing out from the crowd, you could sell a downloadable file online. According to your ideas or expertise, you can think of other downloadable files which you can sell.

If you talk of the electronic media, a file is a file. What this means that you can sell any kind of file like pictures, music, text, videos and graphics. Also, you can sell programs, pdf files and many others. Get to know the files that you need to sell. Actually, this will depend on the interests, hobbies and also the line of work which you have. Here are some of the ideas of downloadable items which you might want to sell from the website.

When you are an author, the you may go for writing a pamphlet, manual, book on a topic which you are quite familiar with. You can have this as a pdf or doc file and sell this on the internet. What should you write about? You could write about any kind of topic that you know best. You may write about how-to manual regarding photography, cooking, sewing, painting, exercising, woodworking, computer programming, self-help.

The local band without a label doesn’t have a lot of options for selling their songs. You cannot sell songs on iTunes and it is really expensive to distribute and produce a CD. However, you may record your songs in the popular music format and sell the songs on the website. You may have them sold individually or in a bundle of different songs in a zip file so that you can actually sell them at a higher price. Also, you can include lyrics as well as digital photos of the band.

For those who are into photography, they may go about selling stock photography in the selling sites which would allow them to upload photos. You will then have to pay just 25 cents to every dollar per download sale. You can upload as few photo or as many as you like on the site and set the cost for every photo that you sell.


History of Education, Teacher Training, Teaching, Teachers

A Concise History of Education of Teachers, of Teacher Training and Teaching

Western history of teacher training, education history, teaching theories, education of teachers, modern history od education, began in early 18th century Germany: teaching seminaries educating teachers were the first formal teacher training in Western history of education and teaching.

(History of education had 2nd century-BC Greek Spartan free public education, Athenian Academy until age 18 and higher Academy and Lyceum; Roman private formal schooling in tiers; China’s 1st century-BC administrator examinations; 1st century Jewish informal Cul’ Tura general education; Islam’s 9th century universities [madrasahs]; 16th century Aztec mandatory teen education; 18th century Russian nation-wide education, Poland’s Education Ministry, Chez ‘teacher of nations’ Comenius’s ‘Didactica Magna’ on universal education [compulsory, certified teachers, tests]; leading later Western history of education –17th century Scotland’s free education, 18th’s Norway’s mandatory literacy and  New Zealand’s standard education, 21st’s Europe’s Bologna process equalising educational qualifications.)

Teacher education and training, first teacher training college in French  history of education and history of teaching, Jean Babtiste de la Salle’s 18th century Brothers of the Christian schools, had non-clerical male teachers teaching poor and middle class children. Based on Greek philosophers’ philosophy of education and teaching, re-introduced by Islam, spirituality was not its only reason, basis of education. Teacher education and training had been clerical –this was Western history of education’s first secular teacher training college.

This philosophy of education changed educational history’s attitude to education. It reformed education, educational theory, learning, enabled further education reforms and educational theories of teaching in history of education. With education reforms in education history, educational theory of teacher education required of teachers an understanding of the human mind and the theory of education, knowledge of sciences and arts, principles and educational methods of teaching. This need in educational history for a teaching method, method of education, necessitated theories of education -in Western history of education educational theories on teacher education interested educators.

These educational philosophies and theories of education on teacher education became the norm in Western history of education, teacher training establishments first Normal Schools in the history of education and training of teachers.

Teacher education progressed educational history: in history of education and history of teaching the system of education required and enabled knowledge, in-service experience, certification for teachers, continuing professional development for teachers in teaching. This non-uniform system of teacher education and training enabled teachers, while teaching, at teacher seminars to refresh and increase their knowledge of theory of education and method of teaching -exchanging ideas among teachers.

Napoleon, in history of education and teacher training,  uniformed professional teaching. Adopting Germany’s teacher seminars, in French history of education and in Western history of education and training of teachers, established the first uniform teacher education system.

Neither the USA’s educational history nor British history of education did in educational philosophies, systems of education, include formal teacher education and training, although Elizabeth-I had introduced teachers’ moral teaching fitness certification in teacher education .

In England’s history of education and teaching, in early 19th century Joseph Lancaster and Andrew Bell founded the Lancastarian teaching method of teacher training: in a monitorial system of teacher education and training senior students (‘monitors’) receiving teaching from tutors were teaching junior students, acting as teachers.

In Scotland’s history of education and teaching, 17th century free education compulsory in late 19th, Germany’s teacher education and training influenced David Stowe’s founding the Glasgow Normal Seminary for teachers.

Progress in teaching and teacher training began with Horace Mann’s Massachusetts Normal Schools in the USA’s educational history, and in Britain’s history of education by the churches’ and voluntary organisations’ teacher training colleges and teaching the colonials.

In philosophies of education arguments followed on teacher education in educational history: should persons of lower English social class attend teacher training colleges and give teaching to children of higher social class!? Might teachers’ teaching not influence young French minds with liberal ideas?!

(Japan’s educational philosophy [perhaps influencing the USA’s educational philosophy, history of education and teaching] emphasised patriotic teacher education and teaching.)

In Europe’s history of teacher education and training, Rosencrantz’s 19th century ‘Philosophy of Education’ emphasised ‘philosophical and psychological data’; this, resembling Islam’s university faculties, developed into separate teaching disciplines.

In Sweden’s history of education and teaching, Pestalozzi furthered the progress of systems of education, advocating formal teacher training colleges.

(Pestalozzi, except theologically, was self-educated, did not leave a written account of teaching and of teacher training colleges; his place in the history of education and teaching is deducible in outline from his various writings, loving sincere deeds, the example he set.)

Germany’s Froebel, and Alexander Bain’s ‘Education as a Science’, favoured education of teachers through teacher training colleges; teacher education adopted what philosophies of education in Western educational history and teaching had lacked -Herbart’s pedagogical emphasis in teaching on five formal steps: preparation, presentation, comparison, generalisation, application.

Germany’s teacher education and training became the basis of developments in the history of education and teacher training; Derwent Coleridge and James Kay Shuttleworth in Britain, Mann in the USA broadly agreed: teacher education and training should emphasise techniques of teaching -“not only the subjects of instructions, but also the method of teaching”.

Jules Ferry laws’ compulsory education established teacher education and training in late 19th century French history of education: teacher education and training, by law, should be through formal teacher training colleges.

English speaking countries’ history of education and teaching, formal teacher education and training, began with the University of Edinburgh’s creating a chair in education, with St. Andrews; in the USA’s history of education, e.g., Henry Bernard, Nicholas Murray Butler, followed.

In Western history of education, England’s progress involved pedagogy and Herbart Sepencer’s teaching techniques in teacher education and training, the USA’s e.g., Francis W. Parker’s, studying Germany’s pedagogical teacher education developments.

In the USA’s history of education and teaching the Darwinian hypothesis (as before later scientific evaluation) influenced John Dewey at the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools; taking into account from other disciplines what were considered relevant in teaching to child development, the religiously affiliated Brown University founded an education department.

(The La Salle College in Philadelphia, had been teaching education.)

New York’s Teachers College, founded 1888, was incorporated into the Columbia University, 1893, establishing its teacher training college, announcing: “The purpose of the Teacher Training College is to afford opportunity, both theoretical and practical, for the training of teachers, of both sexes, for kindergartens and elementary schools and secondary schools, of principals, supervisors, and superintendents of schools, and of specialists in various branches of school work, involving normal schools and colleges” -it became the basis, in Western history of education and teaching, of teacher education and training and Teacher Colleges.

(The USA’s educational history experts’ versions vary on it history of education.) 

In most of British Commonwealth’s history of education and system of teacher training, entry into teacher training came to require senior secondary education at High School level or British Grammar School education with national Matriculation or Ordinary and Advanced General Certificate of Education (GCE) examinations –or equivalent.

In Europe’s history of education and teacher training, education with similar Gymnasium(/Abitur)  or General Lycè e Diploma, or equivalent education, became professional teacher education and training entry qualification.

(In British history of education, until early 20th century, holders of those qualifications, by selection examination, could become temporary teachers. Oxbridge graduates could register ‘master’ and be syndicated teachers. Other universities’ graduates, to become teachers, attended teacher training colleges [if Bachelor of Education, second year teacher training of a teacher training college].)

In British Commonwealth’s history of education greater importance was attached to professionalism in teacher education and training: academic qualifications did not suffice for teaching; teacher examinations required specific periods of specifically professional study in teaching. Professional teaching involved two years’ professional study in teaching and additional in-house teacher training before professional teacher status. Professional teachers could, with another educational year at the teacher training college, specialise in a subject, e.g., geography or history (in farming colonies, e.g., Cyprus where Agriculture became a secondary school examination subject,  with one or two more educational years’ through the Teacher Training College’s Rural Agricultural School). Science graduates without professional teaching training and education qualified for permanent teaching after a year’s classroom teaching experience approved by professionally qualified headmasters, as teachers of their subjects. Teachers were expected to attend teachers’ seminars as continuing professional development.

While professional qualifications are regarded for professional reasons equivalent to doctorates in their counterparts and what qualify for teaching, teacher education and training (school age becoming lower and years less, to enable maturer teachers and teaching), for professional teaching knowledge and skills acquired at teacher training colleges, favoured bachelor degrees with teaching content emphasising skills over theory and, e.g., the USA’s academic ‘first professional degree’ –more for research than professional practice.

(British history of education desired teaching with Post-graduate Certificate in Education [PGCE] -for English state school teaching Qualified Teacher Status [QTS] skills test, and [also if Bachelor of Education] successfully completing an induction year [in Scotland two] in school teaching as Newly Qualified Teacher [NQT], with continuing professional development; alternatively a specific teaching degree or on-the-job teacher training. Teachers trained at Teacher Training Colleges in [former] colonies –and similarly trained teachers with GCSE [grade C] or equivalent in English and Mathematics [for primary school teaching, also Physics] enjoy Qualified Teacher Status.)

(Canada’s provinces or schools certify teachers; Australia requires none for federally funded private schools; France’s is college/bachelor and Teacher Institute [master’s -2010].)

{In the USA’s history of education, until 1960s, one year’s teacher training college education was required for teacher certification. In 1984 an alternate teaching route was introduced: bachelor’s with teaching preparation and within a specified number of years completing a teaching or content based master’s. (Some universities award [with summer study] bachelor degrees in two years, some two bachelor degrees simultaneously [e.g., with two arts and two science majors both BA Philosophy and BS ChE Chemical Engineering]; the  doctoral JD is pre-requisite to master’s LL.M which not all tenured professors need posses.) The ‘Master of Professional Studies’ (MPS) First Professional Degree is academic, not professional. Many states require of teachers, for permanent teaching, examinations in pedagogy and a content area or general knowledge accredited by many private associations’ varying standards; in early 21st century Marlboro-Carolina 20% of teachers had no certification.}

In educational history post general education having been academic for career advancement and scholarly activity or research, or professional for actual practice in the filed, the professional qualification is normally the terminating qualification; in professional teaching, advanced professional degrees enabling specialised teaching, e.g., at universities, are not regarded as part of professional teacher education and training for general education teaching; the USA’s main master’s area is for Ed.D or Ph.D. –research.)

In European history of education, teaching related educational leadership gained importance at the end of 20th century. Desiring the benefits of learnable leadership skills and inherent personal leadership qualities, teachers’ educational leadership skills in teaching leadership are remunerated according to national teacher pay scales.

The USA’s educational leadership teachers’ pay is non-uniform; educational leadership skills standards vary. Graduate educational leadership programs are in, e.g., community issues and educational law. Private Teacher Advancement Programmes (TAP) subscribed by some schools encourage teachers in administrative or teaching development: a teacher prepares an individual growth plan (IGP) with an educational goal or teaching activity, or a cluster group of teachers identify a student learning need, becoming ‘mentor’ or ‘master teacher’/‘teacher of teachers’.

As others’, USA’s teacher training colleges’ comparable teaching qualifications enjoy international regard.

In their history of education, having less aspired to ‘practical’ general education as in the USA and 21st century Britain, most British Commonwealth and European teaching institutions almost uniformly value widely academic general education as culture not acquirable in post general education (e.g., an opposition leader to a Prime Minister [both lawyers] “I as a Grammar School boy” [would not take ‘that’ from him who was not]) and Britain’s suggestion to equate practical skills certificates with general academic qualifications was criticised.

(Early 21st century British educational history saw [university or equivalent  mandatory student grants becoming loans, unemployment necessitating longer and more courses, foreigners scoring higher in English] no increase since late 20th in literacy.)

(In the USA’s history of education, with 20% adult functional illiteracy, as the educationists’ concerns grew, the educationalists considered Europe’s baccalaureate system of education; with growing public interest in education, at the end of 20th century a state appointed three generals to improve the standards of teaching and education and at the beginning of 21st century a general was appointed to federally improve teaching and educational standards.)

In educational history interest in the teaching profession has been based on the status of teachers. Regard for teachers in late 20th century was highest in Russia where teachers enjoyed better employment terms than elsewhere.

(In Britain’s history of education, 1980s’ miss-projection of numbers of teachers needed necessitated engaging science graduates without teaching qualifications as teachers; but a status was enjoyed by teachers of regard as in Europe, and, about the end of 20th century, knighthood for long serving teachers was suggested –due to controversy over peerages it did not materialise. At the beginning of 21st century reducing undergraduate degrees to two years with vocational content was considered, with master’s for teachers -also non-major professional qualifications being above undergraduate degrees in National Vocational Qualifications; but Teachers’ status was regarded to have been equated for economical reasons to classroom assistants’ socially criticised for taking classes without professional teacher education and training.])

In the USA’s history of education, teaching has hailed a form of essentialism in education, with a culture of practicality and model citizenry, emphasising respect for authority (advocated also for 21st century British education); with no general minimum standard in teacher training and education, some states not recognising the teaching qualifications of some others, teachers and teaching appear officially to enjoy no higher regard then Bernard Shaw’s remark (about writers) “Those who can, do; those who can not, teach”.

(In the USA, e.g., some teachers paid only term time having to seek vacation work, teaching and teachers generally are regarded to have enjoyed less good terms and conditions than elsewhere in proportion to social regard and public resources.)

The growth of interest in culture and education in Western history of teaching has been seen in the European Union, e.g., in Cyprus with the popularisation of education in mid. 20th century -reportedly with highest percentage of university graduates by 21st.

In Western educational reforms spiritual values in education are protected by teaching religious studies in schools in American secularism (protection of religion from political influence) and by the religious affiliations of many universities; in European secularism (protecting against one’s formal dominance of the other), often with a state religion enshrined in the constitution, this is ensured by, e.g., Britain’s Education Acts’ requirement in compulsory education of religious worship by pupils at least once a month and, while British universities are not formally religiously affiliated, the availability of  chapels and chaplains to students at universities.

While preferences in education (e.g., the pedagogy based Steiner-Waldorf education for creating free moral and integrated individuals -its teachers’ and schools’ say on defining the curricula by some disagreed with, or Montessori’s pre-school and elementary school child’s self directed activities with auto-didactic equipment -regarded by some as risking raising obedient automatons), and  emphasis (be it practical skills or Emerson’s ‘thinking man’), have all had praise and criticism in the history of education and teaching and arguments continue on pragmatism and creation -v- evolution, generally Socrates’s argument that the rightly trained mind turns toward virtue carries weight in most educational systems. Basically, in every history of education, an important aim of education and the societies’ all time expectations have been on the lines of these verses (by the Cypriot teacher, the late Orhan Seyfi Ari):

” ‘I was an ape’ you say -or amphibian?
And now?! Are you not now.. ‘man’!? “

The cultural values balance have been more reflected in the education and training of teachers in Western history of education and teaching and the status of teachers in Europe mostly in Spain, Italy and France where, without much disregard to spiritual values, school teachers’ political and ideological affiliations have been the norm in professional teaching. 

The web site may interest on teacher the late Orhan Seyfi Ari at

What Is Personal Growth, Anyway?

At its core, Personal Growth is simply about being a proactive learner, and making a conscious and committed effort to create your life, as opposed to accepting that it’s the result of outside influences and circumstances. That means not letting things happen to you, but making things happen.

Here’s a good metaphor: you can water a plant, or just wait for it to rain. When you water a plant, you’re being proactive in its growth. When you wait for it to rain, well, you might be waiting for a while. And then what happens to the poor plant during a dry spell?

The cool thing about “Personal Growth” is that it’s flexible, in that it can be applied to any and all areas of your life. Getting in shape with a diet and exercise regiment is a part of Personal Growth, and so is working on your relationship with your partner. Starting a yoga practice or a new business? Personal Growth is written all over it. You also contribute to your Personal Growth when you read a book, go to seminar, meditate, or write in your journal, too.

People turn to the Personal Growth movement because in many cases, there aren’t answers to life’s questions anywhere else. In the education system, at home, and even in the medical and psychological fields—people feel a real void in what they’re taught and told. People might go to school to learn facts or a trade, but leave knowing far too little about themselves.

And that’s where Personal Growth comes in. It’s an industry, it’s a movement, it’s a mindset, and most importantly, it’s a philosophy for truly living.

Personal Growth teaches you how to:

√ Heal your past

√ Empower your present

√ Create your ideal future

When you take the time to work on all three areas (Past, Present and Future) simultaneously, your Personal Growth will be exponential.

And remember, Personal Growth is not a destination, it’s a journey. So enjoy every step of the way.

What does Personal Growth mean to you? Tell us in the Comments section below.

You can read more from Personal Growth Thought Leaders such as Jack Canfield, Les Brown, T. Harv Eker and Personal Growth believers like you about what Personal Growth is and the impact it has had on their lives by claiming a free copy of The Power of Personal Growth e-book at: You can also purchase the physical book, which comes with some awesome bonuses at:

Personal Goal Setting for a Purpose Driven Life

Are you ready to live a highly successful life, achieve all of your goals, and enjoy the success you know deep down that you really deserve? If your answer is yes then before you go any further you must answer the following searching question.

Just what is your purpose in life? If you dont have a ready answer, dont be too surprised. Even the greatest of the philosophers who have ever lived succeeded only in making this question more profound. Why? Because the answer lies not in simply knowing what is your purpose in life but lies in discovering what is your goal in life. The last one is only possible if you have already gone through the process of goal setting.

Soul searching is actually personal goal setting in its infancy. The only problem is that for many people that infant never grows up into maturity. The person involved in soul searching might dismiss this process as nothing but being sentimental. Without realizing it, the person has just killed the infant, or his chance to flesh out the course of his purpose driven life.

But luckily, soul searching is a recurring process. So the next time you have been given the honor of another visit, be mindful.

Personal goal setting is a powerful tool for setting a course for a meaningful and fulfilling life. The process of personal goal setting in itself is powerful enough so that if you are going through with the process you might think that your lifes meaning or purpose had been found. But it is not. The euphoria is only a result of your self finally realizing that you are on the right track.

For some, the process itself is motivating. Once you have found a way of making this a habit, you will soon realize that achieving your goals that look like impenetrable walls in the past is nothing but a purpose that needs a set of personal goals as the key.

Personal goal setting: what should be set?

Since there is more to life than the four letters that it represents, personal goal setting involves a review of all the aspects of your life, and all of these should have a corresponding goal. But before going to the process of setting up goals, you must have one general goal that encompasses all the other goals. In fact the other and smaller goals should work in the service of this large goal of yours.

1 Career. What aspect of your career do you think needs an improvement? Or perhaps, ask yourself, is it time for a new career?

2 Outlook or attitude. Is there a part of you, particularly on how you perceive things, that needs to be changed?

3 Financial. Do you have a clear projection as to how much you should be earning in a particular moment in your life? This aspect is closely related with career, so better review and come out with a goal with these two side by side.

4 Potential development. Perhaps some of your talents and skills need an improvement, or are maybe already clamoring for an improvement. Life, after all, is discovering your potential and developing it in the process.

5 Academic. Perhaps you are no longer getting any mental stimulation lately. Maybe your education related goals have expired many years ago. Perhaps it is time to go back to school for another degree, or engage in some thought provoking activities.

6 Family. What is your idea of a family? Getting married, having and raising kids? When? How?

7 Social involvement. Perhaps you want to help achieve something that would make the world a better place? Perhaps you are into animal protection, environmental concerns, and human rights issues?

These are just some aspects that generally come to mind when it comes to personal matters. If you feel or think that this list is not enough, or does not fit well with you, you may add or change it. Remember, personal goal setting is what its name is, a personal task. It is all up to you to device it and make it happen.

This article has just scratched the surface as far as goal setting is concerned. There is a lot more information out there in such places as the local library, the local bookstore, and also there are a number of very helpful Blogs on this subject.