10 Things HR Can Do to Help Align an Organization's Goals

While performance management technology offers useful tools that help you align your workforce to company goals, it can’t do all of the work for you. Discover ten steps that can save you time and expense as you work to drive better organizational alignment.

In this article, you’ll learn:

• The ten most important things to consider before you embark on organizational alignment project

• How to position HR in the process–and what role HR professionals should play

• Best practices for avoiding common pitfalls, such as planning a multi-tiered rollout to help goals work their way down an organization


Are ALL of your employees working 100 percent of the time on things that move your strategy forward? In other words, are their workloads fully aligned with business objectives?

If your answer is no, don’t worry. Your organization is not unusual. Yet there are few things HR can influence that can have such a profound impact on your organization’s performance. While using performance management technology is recommended to get meaningful ROI, the software can’t do all of the work for you.

This article offers proven best practices that will help you drive better organizational alignment.

10 Steps Toward Greater Alignment

1. First, know the goals.

Get involved with executives and senior management as they set the coming year’s goals. Try to understand the business issues and challenges driving each goal–and once they’ve been determined, follow up with the people most responsible for each goal to gain further insight.

STRATEGY: Executing an effective goal alignment process is a critical part of a successful performance management initiative. 2. Get buy-in.

Work with your executive team to ensure everyone is on the same page, and make certain they support your efforts to align employees with the company’s goals. You will need their assistance in communicating the importance of the program, so that employees understand that the executive team stands behind it.

3. Cascade goals.

After goals are set at the top of the organization, they should work their way down in the organization. This won’t happen by chance or osmosis! Facilitate the process by planning a multi-tiered rollout with benchmark dates (i.e., Week 1 = Executive objectives, Week 2 = Department head objectives, etc.). Because the organization’s strategy is both high-level and strategic, you can’t expect someone in the mailroom to establish perfectly aligned goals if his or her department has not already matched its own goals to the corporate goals.

4. Ensure consistency.

As the goal-setting process trickles further down in the organization, HR can assist by establishing standards and then monitoring the goals that are being created to ensure they are consistent with those guidelines. For example, you can ensure each goal meets ‘SMART’ criteria (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, Time-bound), while also recommending a minimum and maximum number of goals for each employee.

5. Hold everyone accountable.

A manager needs to make sure goals are measurable with clear-cut deadlines, and then hold employees to those dates and deliverables. Although unexpected events may occur that affect a due date or even change a goal, HR should work with managers to prevent a culture of ‘settling’ where complacency becomes the norm.

6. Reinforce through development.

Aligning and setting goals is only half the battle. As an organization, you need to help ensure that employees have the skills and tools in place to actually reach their established goals. The best way to do this is through development plans. Unfortunately, this is an area where most goal systems and processes fall short–but HR can combat this problem by monitoring overall usage of development plans.

7. Work the gaps.

While managers can work with employees individually, HR should regularly run company reports to identify any organizational shortcomings at a high level. Next, address those needs proactively by partnering with your Learning team to align the areas that are furthest off-track in the organization. Work together to deploy an organizational learning plan that can be measured and tracked with an integrated Performance and Learning Management System.

8. Encourage year-round communication.

Too often, managers and employees will set initial goals and then avoid discussing them again until the end of a quarter–or worse yet, till the end of the year. Leverage system technology to send reminders to employees when it’s time to update their goals, so you can work towards instilling a culture of more frequent manager/employee communication and checkups.

9. Monitor compliance.

Managers should be monitoring completion and updates of goals by their employees, but we also recommend HR monitor overall progress and provide reports to executives and department heads. This will provide a checks-and-balances approach for the entire organization. A timely report showing goals that are not in compliance can provide an early warning for groups heading towards trouble.

10. Measure twice, cut once.

Ultimately, goals should be a major component of your company’s annual performance appraisal, where employees are measured and ultimately held accountable. Since these appraisals are typically tied to compensation, this is where employees are rewarded for performance on goals. If the business drivers dictate more severe personnel decisions, it is important to have accurate information in each performance appraisal to facilitate more informed decision-making.


By implementing sound, universally-accepted processes–along with the systems to manage those processes–HR can help align employee objectives with organizational goals, drive significant productivity improvements, and ultimately contribute to the company’s bottom-line. Make organizational alignment a personal goal of your HR department, and you’re guaranteed to have a greater impact on your organization than ever before.

How To Develop Your Personal Self-Improvement Program

No matter what aspects of your life you desire to improve, you can purchase personal development programs to help you achieve your goals. You can buy programs to help you lose weight, gain confidence, make more money or create a balanced life. Unfortunately, these programs can cost an arm and a leg and it can be much more affordable to create your own self improvement plan.

Self improvement is a journey, so before you start on your way you’ll need to know your destination. What aspects of your life do you want to change? The best way to succeed at personal transformation is to focus on one thing at a time. You don’t need to have totally transformed one area of your life before starting work on another area, but it is helpful to have made significant inroads. This way you can use the power of focus to your advantage and you don’t dissipate your energies.

After you have decided on your self improvement goal, it is important to get your bearings on where you are now. If you can honestly evaluate your current circumstances, you will be able to work out the steps to help you move from where you are now to where you want to be. For example, if you want to lose weight, your first step is to weigh yourself and record the information. Continue to weigh yourself at the end of each week and record the result. Over time, you should see the figures decreasing and the weight coming off. These results give you important feedback so you know if your weight loss program is working. The same is true for all forms of self improvement. You need to be able to measure improvement over time so you know if your efforts are bearing fruit.

Once you have decided on your goal, you need to create a plan to help you achieve it. We all generally know the things we need to do to improve our lives, but most of us lack the discipline to follow through consistently on these things. A workable plan can provide the framework for action but you will still need to be disciplined about taking the necessary steps every single day.

The simpler your plan, the better. By taking simple steps consistently towards your goal, you have a much better chance of achieving it than by trying to follow a complicated, demanding plan.

As you move towards your goal, make sure you evaluate your progress. Weekly evaluations can be helpful and guide you to look at areas that might need adjustment. If weekly assessments of progress are too close together, work out your own time frame; just make sure you measure your progress at regular intervals.

A part of this regular evaluation is to work out what actions are working well and what ones need to be adjusted or replaced. By simply monitoring your progress in this way, you will be able to keep on track for achieving your self improvement goal.

Anyone can design their own self improvement program. By simply asking yourself the right questions and writing down your answers you will be able to develop an action plan to move you from where you are now to where you want to be in any area of your life. Your self improvement journey begins with the first step.

Why Success is Your Personal Responsibility

Success is your personal responsibility and not an entitlement! You can not assume nor expect that others will ‘do for you’ in the quest for your own personal desires; that only happens for children and not grown adults! Many who have aspirations of achieving success in various aspects of their lives often times fall short. All too frequently the cause for this can be traced back to a lack of personal accountability for their own efforts. There is no doubt that having goals and objectives is an important step towards improving yourself or your situation. However setting goals while also taking responsibility for your own efforts to achieve them is how to become successful.

When you take personal accountability of your own actions while planning or pursuing anything worthwhile you have taken the first step towards eventually reaching your goals. Just to want something however is not good enough; this desire MUST be reinforced by some type of proactive behavior on your part.

Let’s look at 5 ways taking personal accountability influences and determines the level of success you will achieve


You and only you know what it is that you want and how it will affect your life. The vision needed to put together a realistic plan can only come from within the person who has the desire to make this vision a reality.

This is not something you can ‘outsource’ to another since these visions are rooted in your own dreams.

Goals and Objectives

Once you have established your vision you will next need to put together the ‘steps’ you will have to take to make this a real part of your life. Your goals and objectives are the actual steps you will need to take to make your vision your reality.

Once again only you are familiar with the ‘full context’ of what your vision really is and what it means to you so only you can establish the ‘unique’ goals needed to achieve this dream. After all your vision is just that, a dream, until you succeed in making it your reality.

It is also important that you keep these goals realistic. They must be something you have the necessary skills and resources to accomplish otherwise you will be wasting your time.


You now must put together a ‘workable’ plan that will be effective in helping you reach your goals. As with every other step that has come before only you know what it is you are capable of regarding your skills, patience, resolve and resources.


As we spoke of earlier it is not reasonable or realistic to depend upon the efforts of others for you to accomplish your own goals. The plans you have laid out now require your personal involvement. Nobody can breath, walk or talk for you so why would you expect different in the pursuit of YOUR OWN goals? The actions needed to accomplish these goals must be by you and it is up to you to be sure these actions are carried out correctly.

Charting Progress

If some system is not developed or implemented for charting your progress there is no way of determining how far you have gone and how far you have to go. A sense of measurement is necessary to also keep you motivated by reminding you of the progress you have already made.

By taking personal responsibility of your own actions in the pursuit of goals and objectives you have set increases your chances of reaching your goals. Achieving success in any situation is dependent upon the active role you play in both the planning process and by taking the necessary actions. To become successful in any aspect of your life you MUST become actively involved in the 5 step process as we reviewed above. To believe your personal achievements can be realized through the efforts of others is foolhardy and will only set you up for repeated failure and disappointment.

24 Key Attributes for Success in Your Business

24 Key Attitudes For Success In YOUR Business

What to take YOUR business to a whole new level? This article is designed for business owners who want to take their business to a whole new level and realize results beyond their wildest dreams.  The first of a three part business tips series, it deals with the 24 key attitudes that are fundamental to the success of your business. 

The second article… The 5 Biggest Small Business Mistakes and How to Fix Them deals with the next most important area – Marketing. Without a solid foundation of who your target market is, what they want, how they want to deal with you, then you have no prospects, no customers and no basis for a company.

Finally, the third article in the series… The 5 Key Business Profit Factors  deals with how to make massive amounts of profit.

The Key to Business Success

What is the most important factors of a business’s success?

·         A Unique Selling Proposition (USP)?

·         Having the lowest prices?

·         Great sales people?

·         The best location?

·         The best products?

·         Good customer service?

·         A strong local economy?

While these are all factors, based on our experience working with all kinds of different businesses, the most important determinant is YOU – the business owner.  History is riddled with examples of successful businesses that have failed with a new owner and lackluster businesses that have flourished under new ownership.

As a result, you are your most important business project.  As such, you should be investing significantly in yourself.  This includes reading books, examining your strengths and weaknesses, setting development goals for yourself, seeking outside advice, tracking your own personal development and getting a mentor to keep you on track.  You probably spend plenty developing and maintaining your business’s physical assets.  How much time and money do you spend on developing yourself?  

The great motivator and speaker E. James Rohn advises: “Work harder on yourself than you do on your job”.    In my opinion, if you are serious about your business and what you want to get out of life, you simply must dedicate 5-10% of your time to self-development…   And, yes, you must set aside some money to pay for it.  Rest assured, this money will likely give you the highest ROI (return on investment) possible.  After all, you are the person that can increase your profits by 50% or more.

There is no better time than now to make a commitment to yourself.  Get out your calendar right now and block off 30-60 minutes every day for self development, for the next 12 months.  Next, write down specifically what you are going to do with this time for the next two weeks.  At the end of two weeks, you should be in a position to detail your development plan for the next month, then the next quarter.

Another great quote, also from Jim Rohn: “Never wish your job were easier, wish you were better”.    Think about it.  If you are better, you will get better results.  If you wish for it then you are more likely to find a way to make it happen.  If, on the other hand, your job were to be easier, then everyone would want to do it and you would be back to square one.

1.   The Winning Attitude

The journey towards extraordinary profits begins here. There is no greater factor responsible for success, or failure, than your own mental attitude!  As a result, it is imperative that you begin by preparing your mind with the attitudes and perspectives that will set you free to achieve your business goals.  I am not talking about psyching yourself with positive thoughts, although at times this can help.  What I am talking about is adopting ways of thinking that will free your mind to find the solutions to your business challenges.

How you think and what you believe to be true about how you do business is what brought you to where you are right now.  Before you can find a better way of doing business, you must learn a new way of thinking about business.

It is a simple truth that it does not matter if you think you can, or you think you cannot, either way you will be right!

Stop blaming, denying or making excuses and start taking ownership, being responsible and winning.

2.   In Business There Are No Mistakes

Did you know that Edison had tried over 500 times, unsuccessfully, to make a light bulb.  One day he got asked “you have failed 500 times, how can you go on?”  Edison quickly responded “I have not failed once!  I now know 500 ways not to make a light bulb.”  The only failure is the failure to Participate.

If you want to be successful in business, you must be prepared to take calculated risks.  Many things you try will not work the first, or second, time.  You learned to walk by falling down.  It is the same in business.  You probably had parents or that gave you a safe environment in which to learn.  In business, you can seek out a mentor to help give you a safer environment.

3.   What if Contrary Information was “Interesting“?

Have you ever had an argument?  You knew you were right and the other person was wrong.  However, the argument was vigorous because the other person, who was also bright and articulate, was convinced they were right.  So, there you had it, two people both right and both wrong at the same time.  You argued but the other person would not relent.  Several days later, you still were thinking about it when you realised that you were wrong after all. 

Brad Sugars, the remarkable entrepreneur has an approach which has enabled him to continually innovate.  When Brad hears an opinion that is contrary to his he says, “isn’t that interesting?”  This then opens his mind to the possibility that he will learn a new way.

You see if there is an up, then there must be a down, and a left and a right… If you have to prove yourself right, then you cut off all possibility that there may be a better way. 

If you truly want to change the success of your business, you must be willing to change the way you think and the way you behave.  Isn’t that interesting?  

4.   I Know – the 2 most dangerous impediments to Business Innovation

Teenagers KNOW everything. Just ask them. Now that you are a little older you realise that it is probably not polite to say, “I know” out loud to everyone.  So as an adult we listen politely, cross our arms, all the while in the back of our mind saying, “I know”.

Try this exercise.  Close both your fists tightly.  Now try to button your jacket or make a phone call or compose an e-mail.  Your mind is like those closed fists.  There are very few things it can do well when it is closed.

You need to forget the mindset that says “I know”.  It is what you learn when you think you know everything that counts 

Open your mind up, it is not the major realizations that will make you a fortune, it is the fine distinctions that gives you the edge over the rest of the population.  The difference between ordinary and extraordinary is that little bit extra.

5.   Business is Fun!

You have decided to go into business for a number of reasons; more money, more control over your time, more free time.  Unfortunately, if you are like many business owners, you let the business take control of you.  It may even suck the life out of you… but life should be fun.  Since owning a business should give you more life, it only stands to reason that business should be fun!  To have fun, I suggest you treat it like a game.  First, learn the rules.  Second, keep score.  Finally, have fun

6.   Time is Your Most Valuable Asset

If you spend every penny you have you can go out and earn more money.  In this sense the amount of money we can have access-to is infinite. Unfortunately, we all have a finite amount of time on this earth.  If we waste a minute, we have lost it forever.

While this may seem intuitively obvious, amongst the business owners I meet, this one simple principle is the most important yet under appreciated principle of business.  Let me describe one conversation that is representative of conversations I have had time and time again with different business owners.  We will call the business owner Mark 

Peter:  Tell me how your business is performing relative to your goals.

Mark:   Well we are doing OK but I know we can do better.

Peter:  If you know what to do, what is keeping you from doing it?

Mark:   I always get interrupted and I can never find the time to do the new things.

Peter:  Is your business profitable?

Mark:   Yes it is. But I know I could easily do better.

Peter:  How much would you like to make in the next twelve months?

Mark:   After all expenses £150,000.

Peter: Do you believe that this is a realistic objective

Mark:   Absolutely.

Peter:  How many hours a week would you like to work?

Mark:   50 hours per week and I would like to take 5 weeks vacation (including holidays).

Peter:  So Mark, that means you would like your business to earn about $64 for every hour that you work. (£150,000/(50 hours x 47 weeks)). 

After an examination of Mark’s workweek, it was obvious that he was involved in a number of activities that were not worth £64 per hour.  If Mark spends 35% of his time working on tasks that could be handled by a £15/hour employee he is either going to have to work a lot more hours than he wants to, or he is going to have to get his business earning more like £90 per hour for the balance of the time he works.

Now, I am quick to advise owners to be careful with how they spend money.  But Mark’s penny pinching was not in his best interest.  Mark was trying to save paying more wages (about £17,000 per year).  But, by trying to save money it was costing him considerably more.  He was not having fun and he could have been implementing changes that would yield him more like £50,000 in additional profit (3 times what he thought he was saving).

As an owner, the most important decision you make is what you spend your time doing.  Owners that I meet who work too many hours and do not make as much as they want, often treat their time very causally.  Typically, they do not plan their day and tend to be reactive.  Often they do not even keep a calendar. Rarely can they tell you how they actually spent their time.  Conversely, successful owners plan and track their days and their week as carefully as they spend their money. 

I recommend that you emulate the successful owners.  Think about what will give you the best long term ROI [Return On Investment] for your time.  Do not be distracted by saving a few short-term pounds if you have an opportunity to create something that will generate returns for you year after year.

7.   Questions are more important than answers

One night at dinner, a young man asked his wife, “Why do you cut the ends off the roast?” Her reply, “I am not sure.  It is what my mother used to do”.

Some time went by before they visited her mother for dinner, and when they did, they had roast for dinner. So he asked, “why do you cut the ends off the roast?” Her reply, “I’m not sure, my mother always did it that way”. So he made a phone call to his wife’s grandmother and asked, “why do you cut the ends off the roast?” Her reply, “well, I’ve only got a small baking tray”.

So, often we do things, just because it is the way we have always done them, having absolutely no idea why it was done that way to start with.  Ever notice how new people tend to question things?  As an owner you should question why your business runs the way it does.  The only way to perform substantially better than your competitors is to be substantially different from them.  In business, following the crowd will almost certainly lead you to slaughter.  Looking at it another way, have you ever seen a flock of eagles?

To succeed in business, you often have to depart from conventional wisdom.  For many people this will be difficult – especially those who did well in school.  After all, we were taught in school what we had to do to be successful – quite often it involved conforming.

In an increasingly competitive environment, you must distinguish yourself by more than just price. You do this by being different. Think about what makes you unique and then tell the world. 

8.   Take a look in the Mirror

Ever notice that when you are having a good sales week that the next week just seems to get better and you keep closing more accounts with little or no effort.  Or maybe you have had a slow couple of weeks and all the prospects that you meet seem to have trouble deciding.  You have to make multiple sales calls, answer question, after question, after question.  The people you attract in your life are a mirror of where you are at. 

Most businesses are a clear reflection of its owner. Some owners want to control everything and wonder why none of their team ever takes any initiative. Some hate selling and love paperwork, so they have always got their numbers done, but never really sell much.

When I look back at my life I can clearly see times when my successes lead to more successes.  Success follows success. This brings me back again to the key to success in business – you.  Make sure you invest in you.

9.   Business is a Self-fulfilling Prophecy

Remember the last time you bought a car.  You chose something that you thought was distinctive.  Then after you got it you started to notice that you were seeing the same car all over the place.  Or, another example, try right now to NOT picture a purple cow in your mind.  What happened…. You are seeing a purple cow… Your brain has an amazing power to create whatever you focus on. It is called your Reticular Activating System (RAS) and it is like your personal compass.

Your RAS will find proof that the earth is flat if you want it to. In fact, it will find proof that November is a slow month if you want it to. In other words, attention determines direction. Just like the last time you said to yourself; “Do not forget, do not forget, do not forget… ” And, what happened, you forgot. Change your wording to “remember” get rid of the negative ‘do not’.

Another example, if you were to ask a person how their day has been, and they answered, “Not bad”. What is their benchmark on life? BAD, and today is not that. Your RAS is an amazing tool and it will find whatever you ask it to find, so you had better ask for very positive things. Remember to ask for the things you want, NOT to push away what you do not want.

Every day your business meets your true expectations. In other words, if you believe you have to work hard to make money, then that will always be your reality. If you believe you can never get good people then that will be your reality.  You generally make true that which you believe to be so.  So, choose your beliefs carefully.

10.        Listen to the Taps on Your Shoulder

Traveling down the road of life, it is easy to be distracted, get off track and lose sight of the big picture. You have heard the old saying, “can’t see the forest for the trees”.  However, every day you are getting little taps on the shoulder, an idea that you should change what you are doing, a suggestion from someone, a hint.  These taps are just like the cats eyes in the center of the road and the small slits in the shoulder that serve as warnings.  You feel little taps if you stray too far one way or the other.  Either you learn to listen to the taps and adjust your course, or eventually you will run into the sign posts at the side of the road, or worse, oncoming traffic.

In business, we get taps all the time.  Unfortunately, they are a lot more subtle than the taps we get on the road.  They are however, just as important for the health of your business.  If you do not want your business to be run over by the proverbial ‘hit by a bus’, it is imperative that you become adept at listening to the taps.

The most successful business people are very perceptive.  They have perfected the craft of surrounding themselves with other people and then listening – really listening – to what they have to say.

So, be sure to listen for the taps and look for the signs. Sticking your head in the sand never helped anyone.

11.        Build a Business do not Buy a Job

From what I have found, people start their own business for one thing and one thing only: FREEDOM; whether that freedom comes from working for yourself, having more time to yourself, financial freedom, or just the freedom of knowing that you are in charge of your life.

With a successful business, this freedom is truly liberating.  Now your friends that have never had any interest in captaining their own ship (those who work for others) may argue that you are far from “in charge” when exposed to the volatility of owning a business.   What they do not realize is that if you have 100 different customers and you lose half of your customers you still have 50 left. Your friends on the other hand have only one customer – their boss. If they lose that “customer” then they are out on the street!

Unfortunately, most business owners never achieve the freedom they seek.  In fact, about 80 per cent of businesses started this year will be gone in 5 years time.  Moreover, for those businesses that are still operating, most of their owners seem to work harder than any of their people and many seem to make less income than they could make elsewhere. Most end up having the business run them, instead of them running the business. In fact, they end up with the very thing they did not want, a JOB.  And that job may even come with the worst boss they ever had – themselves!  In effect, they have taken great risks and expended vast energy and all they have done is bought employment.

12.         A business needs to be profitable and work without YOU!

If you want to achieve that freedom that all business owners seek, then you should adopt this definition of a business:

A business is – A commercial profitable enterprise that works without YOU!

Why build a job for yourself when you can build an income stream that keeps on growing whether you are there or not. Remember the business exists solely to serve you – the owner; not your customers, or your employees.  Yes, customers and staff are important, but the reason you start a business has nothing to do with them.  It is essential that you adopt this attitude.

13. The only reason you would ever start a business is to sell it.

If you want to achieve true success and freedom then you need to think of your business as your product.  It is what you are building and it is where you are ultimately going to make your profit – selling the business.  That is right; you start by thinking about how you can build your business so that lots of people will be competing with each other to buy your business. 

Very few people ever make a fortune running their business, but many people make a fortune selling businesses.  Look at Bill Gates for instance. Yes, he has made a lot of money selling software, but he became the richest man in the world by selling his business – shares of Microsoft.

Are you too involved in your business? Ask yourself: could I pick up the phone in the morning and tell whoever answered, “you guys look after things, I am taking three months off”.

If you are like the vast majority of business owners out there, the answer is definitely NO.

14.         Working “ON” not “IN” the Business

Ultimately, you have to get yourself out of the day to day of the business. Stop working 9 till 5, doing the work of your business. Else be like most small builders…  they spend all day using a hammer and nails, working IN their business.

Imagine when you started your business that you built it in your mind, and then you put down that picture of what your business would be like when it was finished.  If you are going to sell a product, you must know when it is finished.  It is the same with a business.  You have to finish a business at some stage and have it ready for sale.

As an example, let us say you wanted to buy a new sofa.  How much would you pay a furniture shop for a partially completed sofa?  Likely, only a very small fraction of what a completed sofa would cost.  In fact, if you are like most people you would not even be interested in paying anything.  It is the same thing for a business.

When people try to sell a business that is not finished, at most they are really only selling a JOB.   As a result, these people only get a few people interested and they only ever get a fraction of the potential price.

When you have the finished picture of what your business will look like, then you go to work creating the business.  This way you are working ON the business, rather than just working IN the business.  You should be designing your business to run whether you are there or not.  If you do this then you have a choice, and choice gives you freedom.  You can work in the business or you can spend your time more creatively.  You can keep the business, or you can sell it.  I like good choices like these.

15.        You work hard because your business doesn’t

Imagine a business where you did not have to work there – would the business WORK? I mean, would it function properly?  Would all of the systems and the people integrate to get the result you wanted, the result the customer wanted?  Of course it would.

Almost every business owner I have ever met works so hard (too hard) for this exact reason. Their business does not work, they do. Everything about the business is in their head, and they are the only one who can do anything, so they are trapped.

Most are like this because the owners do not trust anyone else to do the job. For some reason they believe that no one can do it as well as they can. This need to be in control prevents them from growing their business.

Take the step, start to document how everything in your business gets done, put systems in place, teach other people and give them the responsibility to get the job done. (If you need more convincing, Read Michael Gerber’s book – The E-Myth Revisited

16.        Assign Tasks.  Don’t Delegate Just To Abdicate

All great leaders are good at delegating so you must start off-loading tasks as soon as possible.  Remember, time is your most precious commodity.  Since delegation is so important, you must prepare properly for it.  You must make sure that the person that will be doing the task knows what to do.  The worst thing you can do is to abdicate a task to someone.  By this, I mean telling them to do something when they do not have the skills or the training to handle the task.  It is essential that you carefully explain what you want done, how you want it done and what you consider a successful outcome to be. 

This may come as a shock, or at least seem like overkill, but you must document how you want your processes and tasks to be completed.  From my experience, most owners just give their staff a (quite often limited) set of verbal instructions.  The owner then assumes that the employee knows what to do and the employee then assumes what he thinks the owner wants done.  While well intentioned, this feeble attempt at delegation often does not produce the desired results.  You see, it is a simple but important fact about human learning that only about 20% of people are auditory learners – people that receive and easily comprehend verbal information.  The rest of us are either visual or kinaesthetic learners. That is, we need to see (a picture, diagram or read) what to do, or we need to actually do something before we fully understand.  (I have some simple, but effective tools that can help you successfully delegate.)

After you have properly prepared, trained and given your team member the job to do, then let them do it. Do not jump in and save them or they will never learn how to get the job done. If you do, they will “learn” that you are the only one who can fix things.  Guess what, they will be right.  You have to let them fall off the bike to learn how to stay on.

17.        Work for Yourself and go the extra mile

What if you do not own a business yet – that is, you work for someone else?  I suggest that you think like You Inc.  Treat your boss like he is your customer.  You want your customer to be thrilled with You Inc.  You want him to continue to buy more and higher value services from You Inc.  At a minimum, adopting this attitude will be great experience.  Think of your job as market research (for your business) that someone else is paying you to do.  But remember, what goes around comes around, so give it everything you have.  Your boss may even spot a future business partner in you.  Always go that little bit further than you are asked to, give a little extra and you will go far. If you are asked to stay until 5:00 PM, stay until 5.30 PM, just do a little more than were asked.

18.        The key to success is laziness

Which would you prefer – 1% of 100 people’s income or 100 % of your own income.  I would prefer the former, not just because I am lazy, but also because with this attitude my income can be unlimited.  On my own, I can only earn 100% of my own income.  On the other hand, there is nothing stopping me from working with 101 people or 1000 people. (why stop there?) 

If you have ever thought that you will succeed if you just work a little harder, put in some extra time, or just do more of what you are doing right now, then it is time you lifted your head and took a look around you.  You probably know several hundred people who work hard.  How many of them are really getting somewhere?

The aim of the game is not to work harder; it is to create better results with less effort – finding ways of achieving more with less. In other words, to continually leverage your time, your efforts, your money and your knowledge.

If you are paid an hourly wage, you will never earn more than the number of hours you work, but if you and your business are set up so that you are paid whether you work or not, then you have truly understood one of the key principles of success – Leverage.  Leverage is simply – the ability to do more with less. The aim of the game is to create an income stream that flows whether you work or not. Build assets that yield income.

There are numerous ways to create Leverage. You can leverage yourself through people, systems & processes, marketing and finance. 

19.        Your Business is Like A Tree

It is important to view your businesses as a living organism – like a tree.  Your business is either growing or it is dying.  When does a tree stop growing – when it is dying.  The same is true for a business.  You see the world does not stand still.  New products, services and competitors are cropping up everyday.  If your business does not evolve, then it will die.

20.        Change – The Only Constant

It is important to consider your business in the context of the wider business community and the world economy.  Consider the Agrarian, Industrial, Information ages.

In the Agrarian age (which lasted until early in the 20th century) 95 per cent of the population worked the land and the wealthiest people were the landowners. 

In the Industrial age (which lasted until about 1980) those that owned the factories created the most wealth. 

In the Information age those that owned the computers and software production, the telecommunications and have the information and corresponding managing tools created the great wealth.

By considering just the length of time that these ages have lasted we can easily see that the pace of change continues to accelerate at an increasingly rapid rate. In the information age we are living through, it only takes about 18 months for the available information on the planet to double, where it took about 50 years a century ago.

Some would argue that we have already left the Information age.  With constant change, occurring at an increasingly rapid rate, it has never been more important for owners to:

1.      Work ON their business, rather than IN their business

2.      Work harder on themselves than their job

3.      Surround themselves with experts that can give them every competitive advantage

21.        How Do You Compete?

With information moving so fast, people can copy, reproduce and have ready for sale any product or service in a matter of weeks. In today’s economy, you cannot be cheaper than your competitors can for long.  Therefore, the 21st key is that you have to know what information is important for your business success.

The only way you can stay ahead of the market is to out-think, out-sell, out-market and out-maneuver your competitors. Your marketing, sales and customer service is crucial. You do not have to have the world’s best hamburger to sell billions of them.

The next time you have a group of people in a room ask them “who thinks McDonald’s have the best hamburgers in the world?” I will bet that not one person puts up their hand. Yet, who sells more hamburgers than anyone else does?

Then ask the same group, who thinks they can build a better sales, marketing and distribution system for hamburgers than McDonald’s. Once again, no one will put up his or her hand.

22.        Ask for more

If you are going to build a great business, if you are going to make your fortune through business then you have got to ask for a whole lot more than you do right now.

If you shoot for the stars, at least you will make it to the moon.   If you do not ask, the answer is always NO. If you start to ask for more, and be grateful for it, you just might start receiving. Just remember, those who are grateful always receive more than those who just complain about life.

Do not be afraid of someone saying NO. They are not rejecting you, it is just that your request may have come at a bad time or their goals are not quite aligned with yours. Do not take offence … every NO gets you closer to a YES.

23.        Abundance vs. Scarcity

For most people getting more means that someone else has to go without. As intuitive as this may seem, nothing could be further from the truth!  There is literally more than enough to go around.

To succeed in business, you often have to depart from conventional wisdom.  Because, as I mentioned earlier, the crowd is often wrong.

Scarcity was first espoused by English Preacher Thomas Malthus, who concluded that England would run out of food as there were too many people for the available food production.  Yet, even to this day we still produce more than enough food to feed the entire planet.  Because we believe in scarcity; or more commonly known as supply and demand, much of it gets thrown away. 

In business, you have got to realize that there is always more than enough money to go around.  When will you go out and get your share?

Abundance is a mindset, a mindset that understands how technology has removed scarcity; how the old thoughts in economics are exactly that – old. (Read Paul Zane Pilzer’s book – Unlimited Wealth for more on this.)

24.        Work Smarter, not Harder

Just to prove that thinking differently is so important, write down how much money you earned last year. Now add a zero to the end of it. You have just increased your income tenfold.   To make that much money doing exactly what you are doing right now, how hard do you have to work? 

You have to stop working harder and start working smarter.  Remember, people with jobs earn money while business owners and entrepreneurs make and create money.

Some final words

We have been discussing some key attitudinal concepts that will be fundamental to the success of your business.  Yes, there are a lot of other important concepts about Marketing, Sales, Customer Service, Operations, Employee Development, Finance, Cash Management and Administration.  There is a lot that can be done to help you develop your business in all these areas.

However, years of experience tell us that it is the fundamental attitude that you must embrace first.  Your attitude is the essence of who you must BE as a business owner if you are to get what you truly want from your business. 

This experience is also consistent with the simple BE-DO-HAVE goal attainment philosophy.  This philosophy says that in order to HAVE the things you want in life you must DO the right things.  Before you can do those things, you must BE the person that is capable of doing the right things.

A Complete Waste of Time!

Now let me be brutally honest with you.  Most of the people reading this article will gain absolutely no lasting benefit from having done so. It will have been a complete waste of time!

Why would I say that?  Do I not believe that what we have written has benefit?  Absolutely it does…. but then again, there are many great business books.  Most of them have a lasting impact for only a few people. 

In order for you to get any lasting benefit from the information I have presented, you must take some action.  Otherwise, nothing will have changed for you.  If you do not change anything, you will get the same result that you are already getting.   

Peter Cantelo (Copyright 2008)


Synergistic Personal and Team Development at Its Best

You have a team, and want to develop the team to achieve so much more. Synergistic personal and team development is essential. This needs a personal and team development plan. As you read this article, you will discover more about personal and team development and how you can get maximum results.

Here is what we will cover in this article:
* Your Aim Or Objective
* Know Each Others Needs
* Look At Individuals To Bring Out The Best In A Team

* Your Aim Or Objective
With personal and team development, if you want to get the best, you need to know your outcome. So, what are your aims and objectives with personal and team development?

If for example you want a better sales force, then setting goals for getting better at closing sales, better communication, and ultimately a certain level of sales being reached can be the aim or objective.

This can be adapted to whatever your objectives are with personal and team development. Having an objective is essential as it will keep you focused on what is needed to be developed.

* Know Each Others Needs
A team is a team; however, a team is made out of individuals. Some of these individuals have different needs, skills and abilities. So, it is essential to work out where everyone is at, and whether they all need the same kind of personal and team development training.

There is another factor that is essential to look into, if you want to create synergistic relationships. That being – who people get along with. Some people get along better with some people than others. If you have everyone in a group, it can be hard to get some individuals to give there best.

Being aware of such needs, will help in creating that synergy which creates a winning organization. Personal and team development also comes down to you also, so if you are the leader of the pack, then it is essential to look at your own needs, skills and abilities, and look further to how you can add to create a winning team. Perhaps your needs may include developing in leadership.

* Look At Individuals To Bring Out The Best In A Team
A team is a group of people. Getting a group to be a success is one thing. Getting each on of a team to be a success makes a winning organization. Take a look at individuals needs, and you can create a winning organization.

Personal and team development is a gradual process. Having a goal, aim or objective is good for the team, but you also want to have an objective and aim for the individuals of a team. It is not only taking the best to be even better, but to also get those weak links, and make them better. Overall you will find personal and team development improves, and ultimately results improve.

How To Market For Home Parties Business: 7 Pillars Of Success For Your Home Party Business

Direct sales and home party businesses are booming. Direct selling is definitely the wave of the future as the world goes the current economic restructuring. With party plan companies blooming on every street corner how do you pick the right home party plan company for you? Do you like jewelry? How about make-up? Perhaps food is your thing, no fashion! Skin-care, that’s it! Seems as long as there are products being made, there is a party plan company selling it. The following are the 7 Pillars & Tips For Direct Sales Home Party Consultants for the success to consider when selecting a party plan company.

1) You, The Home Party Consultant: As an independent direct sales home consultant you are the company representative. People will judge the company by how you conduct yourself and your direct selling business. If you find people are a little resistant to what you have to say, don’t take it personally. I can guarantee they had a bad experience with another direct sales consultant. Now is your chance to build a new relationship.
Home Parties Tip: A home party business is not about the party plan company. A home party business is about the home party consultant.

2). Home Party Plan Company Leadership: Does your company of choice have proven MLM/Network Marketing/Direct Sales Experience? How long have they been in business? Are they ethical? –What about their integrity? Is the company privately held or publicly traded? (If the home party company of choice is publicly traded I hope it is one that Warren Buffet owns e.g., Pampered Chef) Have you actually read their Policies & Procedures? How Many pages? (Less is usually better.) WHY? Because the more paper work the less creativity and options you have. It means your every move will be monitored by the party plan company gate-keepers. You might as well get a job! Who does it protect? Comp plan set up to favor/protect distributors or company? Allow ‘walk away’ income? Loopholes to steal your commissions someday?
LONG TERM focus with a solid foundation, or “get rich quick” mentality? I recently read up on the ‘dead’ Circuit city company. The CEO said that their greatest failure was focusing on short term profits instead of long term value. Is your company of choice has not been in business for 5 years…think again

3) Timing of INDUSTRY and COMPANY: Did you know that jewelry home party plan companies are the hottest thing in the party plan industry? Yes Gold home parties are taking the nation by storm. Bill Gates willingly shares his secrets to success, he says:

1. Recognize the future of an industry
2. Take immediate massive action
3. Be at the right place at the right time!

If you can grasp this, success as a home party consultant is all but guaranteed! That said people will never be too young, too thin, too fashionable, too glamorous or too sexy. Any home party plan business surrounding these questions and problems will always be a hit! Run from Startups are to be avoided at all costs. This is what we call trending in the direct sales industry. E.g., once Mary Kay unveiled her company suddenly everyone had a beauty and skin care line you could sell from home. You want to find balance in your choice.

What phase is the Party Plan Company? Formulation? Momentum? Critical Mass? Plateau? Companies in the plateau phase offer more name recognition and less of an opportunity. (Under 5 year or 25 + I’d stay away)!

4). TARGET MARKET for your PRODUCTS: Is there huge demand for the home party products you plan on representing? Is the Future bright? Does the product meet Long Term TRENDS? The BIGGEST mistake people make is by making an emotional decision about their choice to become involved in direct sales. Sure your neighbor who is only a high school graduate jumped into party plan company ABC and made a killing and drives the car of your dreams. That is all well and good. However are you suited to the direct selling business? Is it the right time for you to jump in? More importantly have you identified a market for your product? Want to know why most home party consultants fail? because they found a product but have no one to sell it to. Your first step in succeeding is identifying a market for your product and then finding the right home party company. Trust me on this one, you will save yourself a whole lot of trouble!

5) Flagship PRODUCT(s): Products have to be REMARKABLE Not over-priced CONSUMABLE! Seth Godin, author of the best seller Purple Cow speaks at length on the issue of product remarkability. He talks about the mundane-ness of a regular black and white cow over a purple cow. A purple cow is remarkable. Remarkable incidentally doesn’t mean good or awesome


worthy of attention; striking
Is your home party product of choice one that will compel other to talk about and thus market for you? This is the essence of word of mouth. Is your product average or top of the line? Your product must be good enough to compel repeat buys and persuade me or any other person to tell a friend or ten about it!

6) Compensation Plan: The comp. plan should be the least of your worries, but I will discuss it for your benefit. The home party, direct sales and direct selling industry are all victims of the recruitment scam. You see you are paid for volume not the number of recruits you get. Look it this way what benefit is it to enroll 100 people who buy nothing? However if you make get 10 customers, and each buy $100 of products then you have a percentage of $1000 home party sales. The compensation needs to pay the average person fair percentage. Party plan companies reward home party consultants for selling products NOT for recruiting reps. Avoid comp. plan that pay on levels. Volume is quantifiable. Levels is cut throat and breeds the scams and failings that network marketing has a bad reputation. Paying on VOLUME not levels – drives BEHAVIOR in the field. Do you have a break-away plan? I would be cautious and careful. Best ’statistics’ to determine comp. plan include
‘TAC’ Total Average Commission? ‘PTV’ Percentage of TOTAL volume ?

7) Training, Education, Experience & Personal Development: Duplication is all well and good. Remember what I said at the beginning a home party plan business is about you. You are the single most important determinant of how successful this home party business. There is no such thing as proven SYSTEMS, UPLINE SUPPORT. The only thing that will help you build a successful business is personal development, training, education and experience. Do you have an Action Plan / Game Plan? It is one that can be taught to others i.e., duplicatable while still leaving room for creativity, innovation and expansion? Times have changed. Some things that worked just a few years ago, do not today. Many companies and TEAMS are using outdated systems and methods. Most people (92+% of population) do not like to sell or be sold. Are you building a home party business using 8 track methods in an iPod world? Don’t get caught in a rut!

Wishing you success,
Party Plan Pat

Personal Development – 10 Tips on How to Get Started

Are you totally happy with your life? It wouldn’t surprise me if your initial response was to ask the question “Is anyone totally happy with their life?” Fair comment. So let me rephrase the question. “Is there any area of your life right now that you are not happy with?” Is that a better question?

You may be one of the fortunate ones who can say they are happy in every area of their life. However, I bet you are like most people in our society, who are probably unhappy with one or more areas of their lives. If that is the case, let me talk to you about personal development.

Before I move on it may be useful to offer a definition of personal development. I decided to do some research on the internet and Google the term personal development. I was surprised to find that there were not really that many sites that offered a definition, although there were many adverts promoting personal development. I shouldn’t be surprised because Marketdata a research firm has estimated that the personal development industry is set to grow at a rate of 11.4 yearly through to 2010, to a value of $13.9 billion.

“Personal development is the deliberate growth or development of a particular individual to bring out their potential and capabilities making them more aware of their inner feelings, belief systems to become a more conscious, whole or healthy human being”.

I know that probably seems like a mouthful but it seemed to encompass my own thoughts about what personal development is. I decided to ask my partner to offer a definition:

“Strategies that enable me to enhance my life in all areas”

Now I do like this definition because it says what it is, simply and succinctly. The thing about personal development, is that it means different things to different people. When someone embarks on the journey of personal development, it maybe that they have chosen to improve their health, relationships, career prospects, finances etc. Sometime people talk about the mind, body and spirit, or physical, emotional and spiritual.

So how do you get started on the road to personal development? Well, first of all become aware of what you already have in your life and what you are grateful for and then think about what is missing, what do you want, I mean really want. Awareness has to come first, because without an awareness there can be no conscious decision to take action. Becoming aware also means asking yourself different questions and then seeking out the answers. So if your question is “There must be more to life than this?” your mind is already making an assumption that there is more to life and as if by magic you start to see things around you that maybe you did not notice before.

Below I have put together my top 10 strategies that I use regularly to keep myself motivated. As a bonus I contacted some of my friends within the personal development field and asked them to give me their top 3 personal development books and created a top 10 list. I hope this helps you to get started.

1. Take time everyday to do something for yourself. This is so fundamental. Many people go through their day giving of themselves to other people, their job etc. and don’t have time for themselves. Even if you give yourself 15 minutes, that is time with yourself to reflect and focus on the most important person in your life, YOU.

2. Read or listen to personal development material. You must find time to learn about personal development to read or listen to positive and inspirational messages. You could use the 15 minutes put by for yourself to read a chapter of a book. If you drive, put in a tape or CD, this is making use of net (no extra time) time.

3. Decide what you really want to do and do it. Often we think about what we want to do and make excuses as to why we can’t do it. The reality is that the time we have taken to think up excuses as to why we can’t do something, we could have done it. What have you been putting off doing? Take this opportunity to do it, clear out the clutter. Once you have done it there is space in your mind to think about other things.

4. Do not be afraid of making a mistake. You will only achieve success from doing. In history many brilliant ideas have come about because of a mistake. Don’t let fear of failure stop you from doing what you want.

5. Do not put off making a decision because you are afraid it may be the wrong one. Nothing is gained by sitting on the fence. So the sooner you make a decision, even if it is the wrong one, the sooner you can make the right one. Practise being decisive.

6. Keep a journal recording your thoughts, ideas, feelings and personal growth. Keeping a journal is a great way of measuring your progress. Looking back at your journey. It is also a great source of material for any projects you hope to do in the future. If one of your dreams is to write a book, why not start with jotting down ideas in a journal.

7. Be flexible and willing to change your approach if things are not working. Sometimes when you set your mind to do something, with a set plan, things don’t always go smoothly. Remember that as long as you are clear about your destination, you can always change your route, it may take you longer, but as long as you get there in the end.

8. Visualise your goals on a daily basis. Better still put up pictures of your goals so that you can see them on waking up and going to bed. Our minds respond better to pictures than words.

9. Get yourself and elastic band and put it around your wrist. Make sure it fits loosely. Every time you find yourself thinking a negative thought pull the elastic band and let go so that it snaps back onto your wrist. Yes, it will hurt. That is the whole idea. Keep this up for the next 30 days and notice what happens.

10. Celebrate your achievements. Award yourself for any progress that you make because you deserve it.

Sonia is a Personal Development and Success Consultant. She has been involved in the personal development industry for over 20 years primarily in the public sector. When you visit her website be sure to download the free Confidence Building ecourse and sign up for her success strategies and tools newsletter.

Sonia Harris © 2007
Personal Development and Success Coach



            Special education means specially designed instruction which meets the special education and related needs of an exceptional child. It is distinguished from regular educational programme for non-exceptional children by some unusual quality, something uncommon, noteworthy. It is something special – special materials, special training techniques, special equipment and special help and for special facilities may be required for special categories of children having special needs. For example,

  • Visually impaired children may require reading materials in large print or Braille.
  • Hearing impaired children may require hearing aid, auditory training, lip reading, etc.
  • Orthopaedically handicapped children may require wheel chairs, and removal of architectural barriers
  • Mentally retarded children may need skill training.

Related service, such as special transportation, medical and psychological assessment, physical and occupational therapy and counseling may be required if special education is to be effective.


            Special education can be looked in terms of WHO, WHAT, WHERE and HOW? Special education meant for exceptional children whose special needs or abilities necessitate an individualized programme of education.


Who? An inter-disciplinary team of professionals-special educators, regular classroom teachers, psychologists, speech therapists, physiotherapists, specialist doctors bear the primary responsibility for helping exceptional children maximize their capabilities.

            What? Special education is sometimes differentiated from regular education by its curriculum, that is, by what is taught. For example, teaching self-help skills or training in reading and writing Braille is an important part of curriculum for severely handicapped children(the blind) in special education institutions which is not found in regular education, the school system dictates the curriculum, but in special education the child’s individual needs dictate the curriculum.

            Where? Special education can sometimes be identified by where it takes place. Whereas regular education is provided in the regular classroom, special education may be provided in special class, resource room, special school or in residential school.

            How? Special education can be differentiated from regular education by the method used by teachers. One special educator may use sign language to communicate with his students. Another special educator may use task analysis and skill training for mentally retarded children. Still another special educator may use multisensory approach and process training while teaching a learning disabled child.

            Exceptional children require special education which include three elements, and these are as follows:

ü  Trained professionals including teachers, educationists, psychologists, physiotherapists and others are required.

ü  Special curriculum is made for the children which suit different areas of exceptionality such as mental retardation, giftedness, deafness, blindness, orthopaedic handicap, cerebral palsy and social and emotional problems, and

ü  Some facilities including special building features, study materials and equipment are also collected for this purpose.

NCERT: ROLE IN TEACHER TRAINING:      The National Council of Education Research and Training (NCERT) functions as the adviser to the Ministry of Education and Social Welfare. NCERT  has earlier a department of Special education within Teacher education and Special education cells in all its four Regional colleges of Education. It is pioneer in running six months key/resources Teacher training at its headquarters and multi-category training of teachers in the four Regional Institutes of Education. About 100 teachers are trained every year. The course structure includes comprehensive coverage for enabling the teachers to develop competency to handle major debilities.


            The Regional Institutes of Education also run B. Ed. and M. Ed. courses with specialization in one area of Special education until recently. At the centre, several in-service programmes also being run for Principals of DIET, Special education faculty of SCERT, PIED block supervision of various times.


The following skills are to be developed for preparing teachers for Special education.

v  Practical skills in observation of children both individually and in groups to help teachers sharpen their perception of variations in children’s learning and behaviour and develop their awareness of variation in children’s circumstances (home-school difficulties).

v  Appreciation of the educational needs of children with developed difficulties-physical, sensory, emotional behavioural or learning the needs of their parents, and the value of the contribution which parents can make to their children’s development.

v  Understanding of the practical steps necessary for meeting a child’s special needs and an ability to adopt the attitude must suit to dealing with particular difficulties and to appreciate the need for modification of the school or classroom organization for the curriculum of teaching techniques.

v  Appreciation of the special services available to children with special needs of their familiar and of the advisory services available to teachers. This might be developed by inviting professionals for the various services to visit the college so that through discussion, the students can learn about the work of teachers in relation to other professionals, the contributions which different specialist can make, the services to expect from them, and the kind of question to put to them.

v  Awareness of the range of career and professional opportunities in Special education and the availability of further qualification in special education.

According to the Secretary’s Commission On Achieving Necessary Skills (SCANS), a study commissioned by the Secretary of the U. S. Department of Labor, several core skills are essential for Special education teachers. These skills are divided into a Three-Part Foundation and Five Competencies.

            The Three-Part Foundation includes Basic skills of reading, writing, Mathematics, listening and speaking. For special education teachers Basic skills are extremely important. Another Foundational attribute is Personal qualities. This includes self-management, integrity, self-esteem, sociability and responsibility. This is similar to two variables – Social skills and interaction with others. The third foundation skill is Thinking skills. This includes creative thinking, decision making, problem solving, knowing how to learn and reasoning.


  1.             The SCANS study also addressed five areas in which special education teachers need to demonstrate competence. Being able to work with a variety of Technologies was identified as one of the five SCANS competencies. More specifically, teachers need to have the knowledge to select and apply procedures, tools or equipment to work-related situations, as well as maintain and troubleshoot if the need arises. Having an knowledge of technology is considered important for persons in this occupation.                     

The second competency listed in the SCANS study addresses handling Resources. Special education teachers need to be able to plan, organize, identify, and allocate resources such as time, money, materials/facilities and people.

            A third area of competence is System skills, knowledge and understanding of social, organization, and technical systems is becoming increasingly important for today’s teachers.

            The fourth competency is the ability to acquire, organize, interpret and communicate information. This attribute is a combination of information Input and Mental Processes.

            The last competency presented in the SCANS study is interpersonal ability.

Regular educators should inculcate the following skills and competencies in them:

Teaching Basic skills:

These include: a) Literacy skills (reading, arithmetic, writing, spelling, study skills,   


                        b) Life maintenance skills (health, safety),

                        c) Personal development skills (moral behaviour, basic life issues).

Class management:

            This includes developing skills in selecting appropriate techniques to manage individuals and group behaviour. It requires proficiency in techniques of behavioural analysis, group altering, guiding transitions, material arrangement and crisis intervention.

Professional Consultation and Communication:

            Mainstreaming makes in imperative that regular classroom teacher develops competence in ways to consult and communicate with these professionals. Teachers should know how to collect and report the type of information that will be most useful to the specialists.


            Teacher should know how to collect useful data for diagnosis and how to refer the child.

Individualized Teaching:

            Teacher needs to be adept at assessing a student’s individual needs and in designing instruction to meet theses needs. This does not mean that each child should be taught individually. It means permitting child to pursue a preferred mode of learning.

Interactional skills:

            Teacher should be able to interact successfully with the parents, siblings, children. He/she should be able to interact and collaborate with others in the school.

Orientation strategies for entry into mainstreaming:

            Teachers should be able to prepare special students as well as regular class for mainstreaming. This also includes preparing parents of all children for normalization. He/she should be able to develop positive attitudes towards mainstreaming.

Identification and Assessment of children:

            Teacher should be able to observe children in various settings without affecting their behaviour. Teacher should be able to identify children with special needs and assess their needs, use and interpret individual assessment measures.

Goal setting:

            Teacher should be able to establish appropriate goals for the exceptional child. The goals should be realistic, measurable and also give opportunity for optimum development of potentials of such children.

Adjusting curricula:

            Teacher should be able to adjust curricula to suit the ability, needs and interests of disabled children.

Use of Teaching Strategies:

            Teacher should be able to plan and implement a variety of instructional techniques.

Promoting Classroom Climate:

            Teacher should be able to promote acceptance of individual differences among all children. Teacher should be able to conduct class activities to encourage interaction among students.

Resource Managing:

            Teacher should be able to manage resources which can be used for instruction of disabled children.

Evaluation and Monitoring:

            Teacher should be able to assess the extent to which the needs of disabled children are met in the classroom evaluate the appropriateness of the resources for these children, modify his methods, materials to meet their needs.

            As the regular educator has to work as a member of the team, it is important that he appreciates the role of special educator also. Based on the tasks that the special educator is required to perform following skills should be inculcated by special educators.

Special educators should possess ability to

  1. Observe child’s behaviour systematically.
  2. Assess present status and needs of special child.
  3. Develop individualized education programmes.
  4. Write report on basis, of data gathered.
  5. Interact with others to build up relationship and collaborate.
  6. Communicate results to other staff members and parents.
  7. Change attitudes and advocate for them.
  8. Carry out remedial work.
  9. Evaluate and monitor methods, materials and progress.
  10. Develop and administer therapeutic programmes.
  11. Solve problems and deal with different situations that may arise due to unique needs of special children.


In the modern era, a teacher has enumerable responsibilities as our society becomes very complex. Teacher has to play the several roles to develop special children. The most important qualities of teacher are sincerity, honesty and involvement in teaching. The knowledge of teaching, training and instruction can be effectively used by incorporating important Basic skills like learning strategies and speaking skill, Complex problem solving skills through idea generation, implementation planning and Social skills through instruction, service orientation and social perceptiveness in managing special children.

What No One Knows About Decorations

Home Design: Best Decorating Solutions We all have a habit that whenever we buy home decor from a recent holiday cruise or just received it as a gift from a friend, we just put it in an available space or location in a room or corner of our house without thinking its impact to its general appearance. Home decorating is more fun and exciting especially if you have the basic knowledge and skills in beautiful home designs. This article will help you appreciate the home decor you already have and will encourage you to spend time decorating your home stress-free. Always keep in mind that just because you love a color does not mean it is necessarily suited with your home design project. Always consider the mood of the place you would like to achieve, whether you want it cheery and bright, or cozy and dark. Do not fill the room with too much furniture, also consider giving enough space for some breathing. Investing your budget in fewer furniture pieces but of better-quality will provide value, style and durability for you and your home. Hanging artworks in an average human eye level is highly recommended for human connection scale, because sometimes we tend to set it at a higher level especially if the our ceilings are high. In order for you to sense and recognize whether you’ll need a smaller or larger piece of art or a plant decor might be the best option to fill in a vacant spot, it may help if you take a photo print out, and draw a frame simulating an art piece. Creating a focal point is a basic knowledge in home design, and in order to create a focal point for a particular room to draw attention, you might want to put a headboard for your bedroom, an art piece or mantel in your living room, or a dramatic hood for your kitchen. A beautiful piece that you just found in a store may be too big or too small for a room, and odd numbers are more pleasing arrangements compared to even numbers. Be bold and make a statement of your own, because the most important thing is the personality and great space it represents. You might want to edit the collectibles you have, because hanging on to a piece may not really fit and work for your room’s look, try relocating it to a different room, and you might realize it has its own perfect place and it’s worth the try. It may help to resist the urge to follow a theme because this can be more costly, stressful and complicated especially if you’re on a tight budget. Above all, being practical will make a lot more of sense than having a style without considering the safety of your family, so a personalized approach that will make you and your family smile counts a lot.
How to Achieve Maximum Success with Gifts
Online shopping is a great experience for those finding the best and unique home decor, collectible and gifts, with the convenience you can get especially if you don’t have time to go in a store. Take advantage of vouchers and coupons offered by major online shopping platforms, whether you’re looking for wall art, clocks, tableware, flasks, vase, coffee mugs, bath sets or handcrafted pieces.How to Achieve Maximum Success with Gifts

6 Personal Development Steps to Success

I offer this practical personal development guide to success for all those who have tried before yet failed. It doesn’t matter where you are now in your your own personal development or or where you wish to go. It matters very little how far reaching your personal development goal is or how hard it appears to be to attain. No matter what you want to achieve rest assured that some else has achieved something similar beginning somewhere close to where you are. If they did it so can you!

If you follow the 6 personal development steps set out before you, you will be achieving your personal development goals very soon.

Step 1.
The first personal development step is essential! You must be clear about what you want! When you begin to set personal development goals ensure you have a very definite arrival point. Some people when they want to better their lives look around for the path of least resistance. They have no real idea of what they want from life but just know they want to improve it. They therefore look at many different things and try many different personal development approaches without every really devoting themselves to one objective and never achieving success. There is no personal development!

If you live in New York and wish to visit San Diego you do not begin by looking at the most convenient and easiest route before you decide your destination! You just decide you want to go to San Diego!

It is the same with any personal development goal. No matter how hard or unreasonable your desire may seem you must always follow your heart! Have a clear definition of what success means to you. Set you personal development goal now by deciding exactly what it is you want from life!

Step 2.
Narrow the personal development goal down. Get specific. Deciding that you are going to visit San Diego is all well and good but the city is extremely large. Where in San Diego do you want to go? Be specific in your goals. For example, wanting to lose weight is a reasonable and achievable goal but it is too vague. Set a target for your weight loss. Do you want to lose 5 pounds, 10 or even 20 pounds? To achieve any kind of personal development you must be specific!

Step 3.
Write your personal development goal down. Make in concrete by putting it on paper. Place it somewhere where you can see it everyday. It makes the goal real and acts as a reminder of what you are working towards. This is why company’s have their mission statement in giant letters where every employee can see it! Create your mission statement and on it place your goal.

Step 4.
Create a personal development plan. Look for ways that will help you achieve this goal. How did others achieve similar results? Did they learn lessons from experience which you can also learn without having to experience the learning as they did? Use the personal development journeys of others. How did other people do it? Learn from their mistakes and use them for your own learning. Someone else may have failed hundreds of times in their personal development before they learned to do it right. You don’t have to be the same. Just follow the final plan they used to succeed!

Step 5.
Once you have a personal development plan break it down into smaller more easily achievable goals. Each day should not pass without you being a little closer to achieving your goal. No matter how the small the steps are just take them and ensure you are taking them in the right direction!

Step 6.
Create a mental picture of success. Picture yourself enjoying the personal development achievement of having already acquired your goal. Feel all the positive emotions that come with this success. Review this mental picture first thing in the morning and last thing at night.

Personal development step 6 is often overlooked yet it is one of the most important of the personal development steps. By visualizing your goal attainment you are programming your mind with the blueprint of success. This will keep you motivated in times of self-doubt or frustration.

Follow these 6 simple steps and personal development and success are guaranteed!

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